Q & A The Big Picture Megatables
Main Statistics Space Launchers Presentation of the
Encyclopedia
Spacecrafts Families What's New Who Am I ?
This site is sponsored by:
.

Everything You Ever Wanted
To Know About Spacecrafts !

.
• How Many Spacecrafts Were Launched?
•  How Many Spacecrafts Are Russian, American, European, Etc.?
• What Proportion of These Spacecrafts Is Military and Which is Civilian?
• What Proportion of Spacecrafts had Accomplished Their mission, and Which Had Failed?
• For What Purpose Spacecrafts Are Launched?
• How Many Spacecrafts Are Piloted?
• How Many Probes Were Launched To Explore Our Solar System?
• How Many Communications Satellites Were Launched?
• How Many Meteosats Were Launched?
• What About Launchers: How Many, Which Are the Most Frequently Used and the Bests?
• What’s the Cifference Between Spacecraft, Satellite, Spaceship and Probes? 

50 Years of Space Exploration it Two Graphs

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These two graphs summarized the first 50 years of space exploration by answering two questions:
who launched spacechips and for what purpose?  Click on each graph to view the answer.
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Analyses and Essays

• 2006 In Review

• No More Dreams, Mr. President (August 2006)

• 2005 In Review

WARNING: This Encyclopedia includes some 300 tables and lists (300 web pages) that provide basic data, but it will take time (years?) to fulfill each and every one of them. Please be kind to this "work in progress." (You may wright to me at: claude-lafleur@sympatico.ca)

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The Big Picture
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These two graphs show the number of spacecrafts launched every year; some 6,491 were launched (successfully or not) between 1957 and 2006. They included satellites (in Earth orbit), piloted spaceships and planetary probes. Color red represents spacecrafts launched by Russia, blue represents spacecrafts launched by the United States, yellow represents other governments (Europe, Japan, China, India, Canada, Israel & Other governments) and green represents non-governmental spacecrafts (commercial, and amateur/student). Click on each graph to enlarge.
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Yearly Summary of Spacecrafts Launched
.
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
2007
.
Spacecraft by Countries
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Algeria Arab Countries Argentina Australia Belgium
Brazil Canada  Chile China Czeck Repûblic
Denmark Egypt Europe (All) European Agencies France
Germany India Indonesia Italy Iran
Israel Japan Kazakhstan Korea (South) Malaysia
Mexico Morocco Netherlands Nigeria Norway
Pakistan Russia 
(Soviet Union)
Spain Sweden Taiwan
Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States
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The Encyclopedia Megatables
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The table below presents the numbers of spacecrafts launched every year. Il also gives access to the main lists that formed this encyclopedia.
• To view all spacecrafts launched on a given year, click on the year in the first colum of the table.
• To view all Russian, or all American, or all European... spacecrafts, click on the country name on top of the table.
• To view the list of all, or Russian, or American, or European, etc. spacecrafts launch on a given year, click on the appropriate number in the colums.
• Each list give spacecraft names. Click on one of them to access the entry giving main data on this mission.
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Table I - Number of Spacecrafts Launched Each Year
.
Year Total U.S.S.R.
/Russia
United
States
Europe Japan China India Canada Israel Other
gov.
Com-
mercial
Amateur
/Student
1957 3 2 1 . . . . . . . . .
1958 28 5 23 . . . . . . . . .
1959 24 4 20 . . . . . . . . .
1960 44 9 35 . . . . . . . . .
1961 60 9 50 . . . . . . . . 1
1962 96 22 70 1 . . . 1 . . 1 1
1963 97 24 72 . . . . . . . 1 .
1964 127 43 82 2 . . . . . . . .
1965 180 71 103 2 . . 1 . . 1 2
1966 174 54 116 1 2 . . . . . 1 .
1967 172 74 88 5 1 . . . . 1 3 .
1968 166 85 75 4 . . . . . . 2 .
1969 155 84 61 4 1 1 . 1 . . 3 .
1970 142 95 33 7 2 1 . . . . 3 1
1971 175 111 49 9 2 1 . 1 . . 2 .
1972 143 98 35 5 1 . . 1 . . 2 1
1973 146 114 26 3 . 1 . 1 . . 1 .
1974 136 101 18 10 1 2 . . . . 3 1
1975 168 120 30 7 2 3 1 1 . . 4 .
1976 164 125 23 2 2 3 . 1 . 1 7 .
1977 147 113 21 6 4 . . . . 1 2 .
1978 174 125 35 4 4 1 . 1 . . 3 1
1979 134 108 15 2 2 3 2 . . . 2 .
1980 144 111 21 6 2 . 1 . . . 2 1
1981 160 125 15 5 3 3 3 . . . 5 1
1982 160 134 12 2 1 1 1 2 . . 7 .
1983 162 118 26 2 3 1 2 1 . 1 7 1
1984 169 117 30 5 3 3 . 1 . 1 8 1
1985 172 121 28 3 2 1 . 1 . 7 8 1
1986 151 123 16 2 3 2 . . . 1 3 1
1987 141 118 13 2 3 2 1 . . 2 . .
1988 155 115 17 6 2 4 3 . 1 . 6 1
1989 139 100 25 4 2 . . . . . 8 .
1990 173 100 31 8 6 5 1 . 1 3 11 7
1991 143 85 32 9 1 1 1 2 . . 9 3
1992 135 80 24 10 2 2 2 1 . 4 9 1
1993 118 60 32 5 1 1 2 . . 3 8 6
1994 130 65 34 3 3 4 2 . 1 6 13 .
1995 113 39 30 10 3 . 2 1 1 3 20 4
1996 112 34 37 12 1 2 1 1 1 10 11 2
1997 158 28 26 10 4 2 2 . . 4 81 1
1998 174 28 23 12 2 1 . . 1 8 95 4
1999 133 18 24 8 1 4 2 1 . 8 65 2
2000 131 32 35 18 2 6 1 1 . 7 28 1
2001 93 29 30 8 2 2 2 1 . 2 16 1
2002 101 21 18 13 8 8 2 . 1 5 23 2
2003 98 22 23 7 7 9 4 3 1 6 11 5
2004 77 21 10 12 . 10 1 1 1 3 14  4
2005 78 21 13 15 5 6 3 1 . 3 10 1
2006 116 15 29 8 11 7 1 . 1 16 8 20
2007 >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >>
Total 6,491 3,476 1,735 279 107 103 43 27 10 102 529 80
100% 53.6% 26.7% 4.3% 1.6% 1.6% 0.7% 0.4% 0.2% 1.6% 8.1% 1.2%
Total U.S.S.R.
/Russia
United
States
Europe Japan China India Canada Israel Other
gov.
Com-
mercial
Amateur
/Student
Souce: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2007
.
Table 2 - Main Statistics 
(as of 31 December 2006)
.
1957-2006 Yearly average Percent
• Total Number of Spacecrafts Launched: 6,491 spacecrafts 132½ spacecrafts/year
(See complete list)
.
• Number of Russian Spacecrafts: 3,476 spacecrafts 71 spacecrafts/year 53.6 %
• Number of American Spacecrafts: 1,735 spacecrafts 35½ spacecrafts/year 26.7 %
• Number of Other Governements Spacecrafts:
(Europe, Japan, China, India, Canada, Other)
595 spacecrafts 14 spacecrafts/year 10.3 %
• Number of Commercial Spacecrafts 529 spacecrafts 11 spacecrafts/year 8.2 %
• Number of Amateur Spacecrafts 80 spacecrafts 1½ spacecraft/yeat 1 %
(See Table 3)
.
• Number of Civilian Spacecrafts: 2,847 spacecrafts 58 spacecrafts/year 43.8 %
• Number of Military Spacecrafts:  3,644 spacecrafts 74 spacecrafts/year 56.1 %
(See Table 4)
.
• Number of Successfull Spacecrafts: 5,682 spacecrafts 118 spacecrafts/year 89.0 %
• Number of Failed Spacecrafts: 694 spacecrafts 15 spacecrafts/year 11.0 %
(See Table 6)
.
Civilian Programs:
• Number of Piloted Spaceships (+ 35 military): 501 spacecrafts 10 spacecrafts/year 7.7 %
• Number of Planetary Probes: 207 spacecrafts 4 spacecrafts/year 3.2 %
• Number of Communications Satellites: 1018 spacecrafts 21 spacecrafts/year 15.7 %
• Number of Meteorology Satellites: 169 spacecrafts 3½ spacecrafts/year 2.6 %
(See Table 8)
.
Military Satellites:
• Number of Surveillance (''spy”) Satellites:
(photo,ellint, ocean, missile surveillance):
1,765 spacecrafts 36 spacecrafts/year 27.2 %
• Number of Military Services Satellites:
(communications, navigation, meteo, etc.)
1,317 spacecrafts 27 spacecrafts/year 20.2 %
(See Table 9)
Souce: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2007
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Military vs. Civilian Spacecrafts Launched
.
These two graphs traced the evolution of the number of military and civilian spacracfts launched from 1957 to 2006. They show a net decrease in the number of military spacecrafts (at left) during the last fifteen years and a net increase in the number of civilian spacecrafts.
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Other tables
• Table 3 - Spacecraft Sponsors
• Table 4 - Civilian vs. Military Spacecrafts
• Table 5 - The Four Main Spacecraft Sources
• Table 6 - Success and Failure Ratio
• Table 7 - Spacecrafts Failure Modes
• Table 8 - Civilian Families Statistics
• Table 9 - Military Families Statistics
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Table 10 - Number of Spacecrafts Launched by Family
..
Civilian Families 
.
Piloted Programs Earth/Space Science Biology Asstronomy / Sun
Planetary Exploration Communications Meteorology Remote Sensing
Material Processing Amateur/Student Technology
.
Space Exploration Space Applications R & D
Year Piloted Science Biology Astro-
nomy
Plane-
tary
1957 . . 1 .
1958 . 13 . . 7
1959 . 8 . . 6
1960 8 3 . . 7
1961 12 8 . . 4
1962 5 9 . 1 11
1963 3 3 . .1 4
1964 3 14 . 3 10
1965 9 12 . 4 12
1966 15 9 2 3 10
1967 10 11 1 4 10
1968 14 13 . 6 3
1969 18 9 1 2 12
1970 6 11 1 2 6
1971 11 14 . 1 10
1972 9 11 . 2 5
1973 9 5 1 2 8
1974 6 5 1 3 2
1975 7 11 1 3 7
1976 2 6 . 1 1
1977 3 8 1 1 2
1978 10 11 . 3 8
1979 8 8 1 2 .
1980 10 1 . 1 .
1981 6 10 . 2 2
1982 11 1 . 1 .
1983 9 2 1 4 2
1984 13 7 . . 4
1985 11 4 1 1 2
1986 7 4 . 1 .
1987 11 2 1 1 .
1988 11 3 . . 6
1989 9 8 1 3 3
1990 12 5 . 3 3
1991 11 4 . 3 .
1992 14 11 1 1 1
1993 14 1 . 3 .
1994 15 6 . 1 (1)
1995 16 4 . 5 .
1996 13 11 1 6 9
1997 14 1 . 4 2
1998 12 4 . 2 4
1999 7 3 . 5 4
2000 13 8 . 2 .
2001 18 6 . 3 2
2002 12 3 . 2 1
2003 7 5 . 5 9
2004 6 7 . 1 3
2005 8 4 . 1 4
2006 8 11 1 5 1
2007 >> >> >> >>
Total 466 337 18 110 207
7.18% 7.19% 0.28% 1.69% 3.19%
Piloted Science Biology Astro-
nomy
Plane-
tary
Commu-
nications
Meteo-
rology
Remote
Sensing
Meterial
Process
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
2 2 . .
. 1 . .
2 3 . .
3 4 . .
5 2 . .
3 4 . .
4 6 . .
7 6 . .
6 5 . .
5 5 . .
9 7 . .
5 5 . .
9 5 1 .
10 4 . .
11 7 . .
17 8 2 .
20 4 . .
12 7 . .
15 4 2 .
13 4 7 .
13 4 5 .
20 6 4 1
25 2 4 .
27 3 9 1
24 4 8 1
30 3 7 1
18 3 6 1
12 3 6 1
26 5 9 1
20 4 7 1
31 3 6 2
26 4 7 1
26 . 5 2
23 3 6 .
26 4 3 1
25 2 5 4
36 . 1 1
91 3 7 1
106 1 2 .
73 2 12 1
41 3 5 .
20 2 4 .
36 4 6 2
20 . 6 .
22 1 6 .
21 3 4 1
22 4 6 1
>> >> >> >>
1018 169 168 25
15.68% 2.60% 2.59% 0.39%
Commu-
nications
Meteo-
rology
Remote 
Sensing
Meterial
Process
Amateur
/Student
Tech-
nology
. 2
. 1
. .
. .
1 .
1 .
. 2
. 5
2 8
. 6
. 6
. 3
. 6
1 6
. 5
1 2
. 2
1 7
. 5
. 1
. 4
3 4
. 2
1 7
7 3
2 1
1 1
1 2
1 2
1 2
. 1
1 .
. .
7 2
3
1 4
5 4
1 7
4 4
2 3
2 8
6 9
2 8
4 17
3 9
6 14
6 10
4  3
1 15
20 10
>> >>
102 223
1.50% 3.44%
Amateur
/Student
Tech-
nology
Space Exploration: Space Applications: R & D:
1,138 Spacecrafts
(17.5 %)
1,380 Spacecrafts
(21.3 %)
325 Spacecrafts
(5.0 %)
Souce: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2007
.
Military Families 
.
Photo Surveillance Electronic Intelligence Missile Early Warning Nuclear Test Monitor
Ocean Surveillance Communications Navigation Radar Calibration
Meteorology Space Defense Antisatellite Tests Piloted Programs
Science & Technology
.
Military Applications Military Services R & D
Year Photo Surveil
lance
Early
war-
ning
Elec-
tronic
Intel
Nuclear
Moni-
toring
Ocean
Surveil-
lance
1957 . . . . .
1958 . . . . .
1959 5 . . . .
1960 9 2 2 . .
1961 21 2 1 . .
1962 33 2 6 . .
1963 30 3 10 2 .
1964 37 . 10 2 .
1965 40 . 7 2 1
1966 47 3 10 . 1
1967 44 . 6 2 1
1968 45 . 10 . 1
1969 44 . 9 2 1
1970 39 2 8 2 1
1971 40 1 10 . 6
1972 39 2 10 . 1
1973 42 2 9 . 2
1974 37 1 7 . 3
1975 38 3 10 . 4
1976 40 2 10 . 8
1977 38 4 11 . 7
1978 36 3 9 . .
1979 35 4 7 . 2
1980 34 6 6 . 11
1981 38 7 5 . 6
1982 39 6 8 . 7
1983 34 3 6 . 10
1984 33 10 6 . 8
1985 29 8 11 . 6
1986 31 7 8 . 9
1987 32 5 9 . 10
1988 33 5 8 . 3
1989 25 3 4 . 3
1990 22 7 5 . 8
1991 14 3 2 . 5
1992 14 6 6 . .
1993 8 3 4 . 8
1994 8 3 5 . 1
1995 6 1 4 . 3
1996 5 . 2 . 5
1997 4 4 2 . 1
1998 5 2 2 . 1
1999 3 2 1 . 1
2000 5 1 1 . .
2001 2 2 . . 3
2002 4 2 . . .
2003 7 1 1 `. 2
2004 6 1 5 . 1
2005 5 . 2 . .
2006 5 1 2 . .
2007 >> >> >> . >>
Total 1190 135 277 12 151
18.33% 2.08% 4.27% 0.18% 2.33%
Photo Surveil
lance
Early
war-
ning
Elec-
tronic
Intel.
Nuclear
Moni-
toring
Ocean
Surveil-
lance
Commu-
nications
.
Navi-
gation
Radar
Calib.
Meteo-
rology
. . . .
. . . .
. 1 . .
2 3 . .
. 3 . .
. 1 3 2
1 4 1 3
8 4 2 4
26 4 9 4
16 4 1 3
14 5 5 3
11 2 5 2
1 3 8 1
12 5 . 2
22 2 4 2
19 4 2 2
28 6 . 1
19 5 3 2
29 5 1 1
30 9 4 2
13 10 6 1
43 12 2 1
22 6 3 1
28 9 4 1
28 7 4 .
32 11 6 1
21 14 9 1
25 18 4 .
29 15 3 .
36 10 3 .
27 14 3 1
20 16 3 1
26 14 3 .
30 15 3 1
30 10 3 1
24 17 . .
18 13 2 .
19 12 8 1
8 13 7 1
5 6 1 .
5 5 . .
10 5 . .
3 2 . 1
8 9 . .
7 5 . .
3 5 . .
7 8 1 1
3 7 . .
2 5 . .
3 5 . 1
>> >> >> >>
773 368 126 50
11.91% 5.67% 1.94% 0.77%
Commu-
nications
.
Navi-
gation
Radar
Calib.
Meteo-
rology
Space
Defense
Antisa-
tellite
Piloted Science & Techno.
. . . .
. . . 7
. . . 4
. . . 4
. . . 7
. . . 17
. 1 . 22
. 1 . 17
2 . . 31
5 . 1 28
10 1 . 26
4 4 . 32
1 . . 27
2 4 . 16
1 6 . 30
. 1 1 18
. . 1 14
. . 3 13
. 1 3 15
. 7 5 13
. 7 4 8
1 2 4
. . .2 7
. 2 . 1
. 3 .1 .
. 2 1 .
. . .3 1
. . 1 .
. 4 3 1
2 . . 2
. . . 2
2 . 1 1
1 . 2 2
2 . 2 4
6 . 2 8
1 . .1 .
. . .. 3
2 . . 7
. . . 1
2 . . 3
. . . 3
. . . 3
. . . 3
.1 . . 13
. . . 7
. . . 1
. . . 2
. . . 1
. . . 2
. . . 10
. . . >>
44 45 35 442
0.68% 0.69% 0.54%  6.81%
Space
Defense
Antisa-
tellite
Piloted Science & Techno.
Military Applications: Military Services: R & D:
1,765 Spacecrafts
(27.2 %)
1,317 Spacecrafts
(20.3 %)
566 Spacecrafts
(8.7 %)
.Souce: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2007
.
Space Launchers
.
“A” Semiorka Ariane Athena Atlas Black Arrow Chang Zheng Conestoga
Delta Diamant Dnepr Energiya Europa Falcon Feng Bao
H (Japan) Juno/Redstone Kosmos B Kosmos C KT-1 Lambda Minotaur
Mu / M-V N (Japan) N1 (USSR) NOTS Pegasus Proton (“D”) R-36
Rokot Saturn Scout Shaviyt Shtill SLV (India) Space Shuttle
Start Strela Taurus Thor Titan Tsyklon (“F”) Vanguard
VLS (Brazil) Volna Zenit (“J”)
.
Table 11 - Launchers Ranking
.
Rank
Launcher Launch
Success
Launch
Failure
Total
Success
Rate
First - Last 
Launch
 ==== ============ ====== ====== ====== ======== =========
1
Saturn 28 0 28
100 %
1961 - 1975
2
Space Shuttle 116 1 117
99.15 %
1981 - 2006
3
F / Tsyklon 224 10 234
95.73 %
1964 - 2006
4
Delta 307 15 322
95.34 %
1960 - 2006
5
Kosmos C 430 24 454
94.71 %
1964 - 2006
6
A / Semiorka 1,574 89 1,663
94.65 %
1957 - 2006
7
Ariane 164½ 174
94.54 %
1979 - 2006
8
N 14 1 15
93.33 %
1975 - 1987
9
Titan 203 17 220
92.24 %
1964 - 2005
10 Pegasus 34 3 37 91.89 % 1990 - 2006
11 Chang Zheng 87 8 95 91.58 % 1969 - 2006
12 R-36 22½ 25 90.00 % 1965 - 1971
13 D / Proton 288 36 324
88.89 %
1965 - 2006
14
Atlas 296 40 336
88.10 %
1958 - 2006
15 Scout 87 12 99 87.88 % 1960 - 1994
16
Kosmos B 144 21 165
87.27 %
1961 - 1977
17
Mu / M-V 26 4 30
86.67 %
1970 - 2006
18
Zenit (J) 51 8 59
86.44 %
1985 - 2006
19 Thor 210 33 243 86.36 % 1958 - 1965
20
Diamant 10 2 12
83.33 %
1965 - 1965
21
H 22 5 27
81.48 %
1986 - 2006
22
SLV (India) 12½ 21
59.52 %
1979 - 2006
23
Juno, Jupiter, Redstone 12 10 22
54.55 %
1958 - 1961
24
Vanguard 3 8 11
27.27 %
1957 - 1959
       
Minotaur 6 0 6
100 %
2000 - 2006
Shtil' 2 0 2
100 %
1998 - 2006
Strela 1 0 1
100 %
2003
Dnepr 6 1 7 95.34 % 1999 - 2006
Rokot 8 1 9 88.89 % 1994 - 2006
Taurus 6 1 7
85.71 %
1994 - 2004
Start 6 1 7 85.71 % 1993 - 2006
Athena 5 2 7
71.91 %
1995 - 2001
Shaviyt 4 2 6
66.67 %
1998 - 2002
  Feng Bao 4 4 8
50.00 %
1994 - 1998
  Energiya 1 1 2
50.00 %
1987 - 1988
  Black Arrow 1 1 2
50.00 %
1994
Lambda 1 4 5
20.00 %
1966 - 1970
Falcon 1 0 1 0 % 2006
  Conestoga 0 1 1
0 %
1998
Volna 0 1 1 0 % 2005
  KT-1 0 2 2
0 %
2002 - 2003
  VLS 0 3 3
0 %
1993 - 1997
  N-1 0 4 4
0 %
1969 - 1972
  Europa 0 4 4
0 %
1968 - 1971
NOTS 0 6 6
0 %
1958
       
  Total 4,415½ 407½ 4,823
91.55 %
1957 - 2006
Souce: © Claude Lafleur's Spacecraft Encyclopedia, 2005-2007
.
Presentation of The Spacecraft Encyclopedia

Why an encyclopedia on all spacecrafts ever launched? Because, beyond all projects, plans, "what we will do..." and "what we could have done if...", this is what Space exploration and operations are all about.

This website tries to compile the most comprehensive list of all spacecrafts ever launched (successfully or not) sponsored by every governments, organizations and corporations since October 1957. With more than 6,500 spacecrafts, this encyclopedia represents a collossal endeavour which is only possible by starting with the works of such "giants" as Jonathan McDowell, Mark Wade, Asif Siddiqi, NASA Historians, NSSDC and many other sources.

The basic data for each spacecraft are presented in an entry written in "plain english", trying to be as accurate and concise as possible. Entries are grouped by year of launch, that is: entries for all spacecrafts launched in a year are on the same web page. Additional informations are available in the web links presented below each entry.
.
Spacecraft Entries
.
Master list of All Spacecrafts Ever Launched (a ~1.2 MB webpage)

Alphabetical Index of All spacecrafts (a ~1.0 MB webpage)

Spacecrafts launched in : (~1 MB webpage)
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
2007
.
Some Interesting Spacecraft Families
.
• Spacecrafts (Known) Failures
• Geostationary Spacecrafts
•
• The Progress Cargoships Family
• Transit and Navstar Navigation Satellites
.

How You Can Help Me !

Of course, I welcome any additional informations and corrections related to this work. Please contact me at claude-lafleur@sympatico.ca
.
© Claude Lafleur, 2004-2007
The Spacecraft Encyclopedia Espace 101 Les Dossiers Espace La Librairie virtuelle